SUBWAY LINE NAMES

by Joseph D. Korman

Ever wonder where the New York City subway lines got their names, numbers and letters? Well wonder no more - this is the introduction to the line designations and route names through the years in New York.

The subway, as we now know it opened by the IRT on October 27, 1904. Since the opening, it has expanded to over 230 miles of routes and over 400 miles of single track (not including yards). While the history of the system is too large to tell here, the line names can easily be told here.

Select from the menu on the left.

As one of my first jobs with the TA in the late 1970's I worked on the map committee for the first version of what is the current map. An interim prototype All Red Map was developed before the current map was finalized. The idea was that the multi-color map was too complex and this map used a hybrid of one color for all lines, but retianed the logo colors from the original Chrystie St map. For my efforts, I received a letter from Chairman Ravitch.

Beginning in 2011, there were a number of instances when the subway, commuter rail, and buses were shut down for weather related issues. For the record, this Storm web page documents the service shutdown and start up.

Animated Graphic of the Building of the Subway

In addition to the various destination and route name signs on the subway cars, the subway lines also used Marker Lights to identify the trains.


BMT SUBWAY LINES

BMT Lines Logo

The BROOKLYN - MANHATTAN TRANSIT (BMT) introduced route numbers, in addition to names with the articulated cars built in 1927. The BMT LINES names and numbers were:

BMT 1939

The service pattern is based on the 1939 BMT Map for the World's Fair. There may have been some special extra services on various lines.

Number Line NORTH VIA SOUTH TIME
BRIGHTON LINE Queensboro Plaza Tunnel Local Coney Island Days
57th St Nights/Weekends
Times Square Bridge Express Brighton Beach Week Days
FOURTH AVE (BROOKLYN) Queensboro Plaza Tunnel Local 95th St All times
WEST END Times Square Bridge Express Coney Island All Times
Chambers St Bay Parkway Rush Hours
SEA BEACH Times Square Bridge Express Coney Island All Times
CULVER+ Chambers St Tunnel Local Coney Island Week Days

Because of car shortages some trains ran express in the wrong direction to get cars back to Kings Highway.
Kings Highway Rush Hours
Sands St Fifth Ave Coney Island Rush Hours
9th Ave Non Rush Hours
6 FIFTH AVE + Sands St Fifth Ave 65th/3rd Ave All Times
FRANKLIN LINE Franklin/Fulton Shuttle Prospect Park All Times
Brighton Local Coney Island or Brighton Beach Summers
8 ASTORIA
(see IRT note)
Astoria Local Queensboro Plaza All Times
9 FLUSHING Main St Local/Express
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS Chambers Williamsburgh Bridge Metropolitan Ave Week Days
11 MYRTLE + Sands St Local All times
12 LEXINGTON AVE + Park Row Brooklyn Bridge Eastern Parkway All Times
13 FULTON ST + Park Row Brooklyn Bridge Lefferts Ave All times
Fulton Ferry Local/Express Rush Hours
BROADWAY BROOKLYN Canal St Nassau St Rockaway Parkway Week Days
JAMAICA Broad St Nassau St 168th St All times
Express Rush Hours
CANARSIE 8th Ave 14th St Rockaway Parkway All times

Allan Berlin told me that there was a #17 - 14th-Fulton which operated from 8th Ave & 14th Street to Broadway Junction then via the outer Fulton St El to Lefferts Ave. I had heard of this service, but I'm not sure if there was ever a sign made for #17. I do remember seeing a #13-14th St-Fulton sign, but it was never used.

+ These lines were part of an extensive network of elevated lines which spanned Brooklyn from 1880's to 1940 when dismantling began and ended in 1969 when the southern part of the Myrtle Ave line was demolished. Except for the #13- Fulton St no cars that operated on the lines had numbered signs. The Park Ave El - was the earliest but only operated between 1888 and 1891. The BMT-Multis had numbered signs.

The entire Fifth Ave el (including the 3rd Ave section) and the Fulton St el from th Brooklyn Bridge and Rockaway Parkway were abandoned in 1940, afer the city took control of the BMT. The Lexington continued until 1950 and the Myrtle line between Broadway and Jay St was closed in 1969. Brooklyn Bridge service to Park row ceased in 1944.

See the BMT 1959 and BMT 1966 Services.


IRT LINES

IRT MANHATTAN ELEVATED LINES

Before the subway opened in 1904, Manhattan had four main elevated lines plus some branches and extensions into the Bronx and Queens. The information in the following table comes fromVolume #3 of Tracks of New York by Alan Paul Kahn and Jack May, published by the ERA in 1977. The date of this service guide is 1920, which represented the most extensive service on the lines. The main lines all had third tracks added by that time and the first of the branches wouldn't be abandoned until 1923. The table in the book contained 'route numbers' that were not official, but used to cross reference the track diagrams in the book. The service information is supplemented with the date that service on that line was terminated.

Line Via North Terminal South Terminal Notes Ended
Second Ave Local 129th St South Ferry No midnight service The Second Ave line north of the Queensboro Bridge was abandoned June 11, 1940.
City Hall Alternate trains in rush hours
Express Freeman St - via the WP subway line (Westchester Ave and Southern Blvd) City Hall lower level at 125th St via 149th St
Bronx Park-Third Ave Line upper level at 125th St and Bergen Ave cut off
2nd Ave-Corona Local Alburtis Ave (103rd St) - Corona 57th St Non Rush Hours June 13, 1942
South Ferry Rush Hours Only
Queensboro Bridge       No Service midnights
2nd Ave-Astoria Local Ditmars Blvd-Astoria 57th St Non Rush Hours
South Ferry Rush Hours only
Third Ave Local Gun Hill Road 149th St All times May 12, 1955-April 28, 1973.
Local 129th St South Ferry No midnight service May 12, 1955
Bronx Park-Third Ave Line City Hall All Times November 15, 1951
Tremont Ave Rush Hours only May 12, 1955
Local-Express Bronx Park-Third Ave Line City Hall Rush Hours only
Express in Manhattan-Local in the Bronx
The Manhattan section of the Third Ave line was abandoned May 12, 1955.
Tremont Ave
Thru Express Bronx Park-Third Ave Line City Hall Rush Hours only
via 149th St and
upper level at 125th St in rush direction
lower level at 125th St in opposite direction
November 15, 1951
Shuttle E 219th St Fordam Rd All times Service probably terminated with the abandonment of the Bronx Park Terminal
Shuttle Canal & 3rd South Ferry Midnight only December 22, 1950
Willis Ave Shuttle Willis Ave 129th St No midnight service April 24, 1924
34th St Long Island City Ferry Third Ave July 14, 1930
42nd St Third Ave Grand Central December 6, 1923
Sixth Ave Local 155th South Ferry All times December 4, 1938
Kingsbridge Rd Franklin St. Rush hours
58th St 50th Non rush hours June 16, 1924
Rector St Rush Hours
Express 155th St Rector St Express 58th St to 155th December 4, 1938
Ninth ave Local 155th St South Ferry All Times June 11,1940
Express Kingsbridge Road Rector St Rush Hours
Woodlawn
Polo Grounds Shuttle 167th St/Jerome Polo Grounds All times The section of the 9th Ave line between 155th St and 167th/Jerome continued until August 31, 1958 as the Polo Grounds Shuttle

After the construction period ending in the mid 1920's, the Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT) took on the basic operation it has today, sometimes called the "H" system. This name comes from the shape of the two mainlines - SEVENTH Ave on the Westside and the LEXINGTON Ave on the east connected at 42nd St. by the shuttle.

The IRT did not give route numbers to its lines, but gave unique names to the terminals, branch lines and mainlines. All IRT cars from the opening until the 1964 retirement of the last of the original IRT cars had metal side signs with enough information to know the terminals and the routes. A typical Lexington Ave train may have been set up as:




The signs were mounted in racks in the side windows at each end of the cars. The words were painted on both sides of each plate. The unused signs were stored in a metal pocket under the racks. The storage pocket had room for about 12 signs. Extra signs were also stored at the terminals. The tabs at the top were used like index tabs to make it easier to find a sign.

IRT 1948 Service

North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave New Lots Ave Exp
137th Broadway Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
180th Bronx Park Broadway-7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp
145th Lenox 7th Ave South Ferry Local
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave New Lots Ave Exp
Utica Ave
South Ferry Late evening
241 White Plains Rd Lexington Ave Utica Ave
Atlantic Ave
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Brooklyn Bridge Local
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Times Square Astoria Ditmars Ave  
Dyre Ave Dyre ave Line E. 180th St Shuttle
241 White Plains Rd Third Ave City Hall Rush Exp
241 White Plains Rd Third Ave City Hall Local-Exp
Bronx Park South Ferry
129th & 3rd Third Ave South Ferry Local
Bowling Green Shuttle South ferry Shuttle
155th & 8th Polo Grounds 167th Jerome Shuttle
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle

IRT Gets Numbers

After World War II, the Board of Transportation began to replace the old IRT cars starting with the R-12 cars in 1948. With these cars numbers were assigned to the IRT lines. The numbers were as follows:

1 Broadway

2 7th Ave - Bronx

3 Lenox Ave

4 Jerome Ave

5 Lexington - Bronx
at the time, the Lexington service went to 241st St

5 Lexington - Bronx
Later, the Lexington service went to Dyre Ave

6 Pelham

7 Flushing

8 Astoria=

9 Dyre Ave +

Return to the BMT section

=The Flushing and Astoria lines opened in 1917 and were operated jointly by the BMT and IRT. In 1949 the lines were split with the IRT taking the Flushing Line and the BMT taking the Astoria Line. On the 1967 Chrystie St Service map (the first multicolored one) used the number 8 to designate the Bronx remnant of the Third Ave el. The #8 was never carried on any of the cars, including the R-12's which were used on the el until it closed in April 1973. The R-12 cars used SHUTTLE signs for the route.


+ The Dyre Ave line in the Bronx was part of an over-extended Railroad whose name was "NEW YORK, WESTCHESTER AND BOSTON". The line never went past Westchester. It operated from 1912 and went bankrupt about 1938. (As a side bar, my Alma Mata, the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (I graduated in 1970) operated the first fantrip on the NYW&B to inspect the new electric railroad in 1912). The Board of Transportation took over the part of the line in the Bronx in 1941 and operates the portion between E. 180th St. and Dyre Ave. It operated as a shuttle until 1957 when a flyover track connection was built to the Manhattan bound side of the E.180th St. station.


IRT 1959 Service

Not all of the cars had the route numbers. These cars were phased in between 1955 and 1959

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
137th Broadway Broadway-7th Ave
Dyre Ave Broadway-7th Ave New Lots Ave Exp Days
241 White Plains Rd Flatbush Ave Exp Nights
145th Lenox 7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave New Lots Ave Nights-Local
Utica Ave Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
241 White Plains Rd Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid Day
South Ferry Evenings & Weekends
No service Nights
Lexington Thru Express
Bronx stops:
241-Gun Hill-E180-3rd Ave/149th
Utica or Atlantic AM rush to Manhattan
PM rush to 241st St
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Local Brooklyn Bridge AM Exp to Manhtn
PM Exp to PBP
Local
177th Parkchester Weekdays
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Gun Hill Road Third Ave 149th & 3rd All times
Dyre Ave Dyre Ave E 180th St Shuttle
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle
Bowling Green Shuttle South ferry Mid Days and nights

The above service pattern was very complicated. The #2 had different north and south terminals depending on the time of day. The #4 had different south terminals and the #5 disappeared over night. As a result, the following changes were made in 1965.


IRT 1965 Service

By 1964, all of the cars (except for the Lo-V's and '39 World's Fair cars on the 3rd Ave line) used the route numbers.

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
137th Broadway Broadway-7th Ave
241 White Plains Rd Broadway-7th Ave New Lots Ave Exp Days
145th Lenox
148th Lenox Termianl opened May 13, 1968
7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
Lenox 135th Lenox Shuttle-night
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Nights-Local
Utica Ave Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
241st Street White Plains / Lexington Express Utica Ave Rush Thru Exp
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Atlantic Ave Mid Day
South Ferry Evenings & Weekends
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Local Brooklyn Bridge Pelham Exp AM to Manhtn
Pelham Exp PM to PBP
Local weekend daytime
South Ferry Local Nights
177th Parkchester Brooklyn Bridge Local Weekdays
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Gun Hill Road Third Ave 149th & 3rd All times
Dyre Ave Dyre Ave Shuttle E 180th St Nights
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle
Bowling Green Shuttle South Ferry Weekdays

Note that there were two end signs for the #5. Since the #5 under the new service didn't go to 241st St, the new signs simply said LEX. Technically, the through expresses could have still used the LEX-WP RD.

During certain hours the the #5 and #6 operated via the outer loop at South Ferry to provide Lexington service when the Bowling Green shuttle didn't operate. The Bowling Green shuttle was discontinued in 1977, as was all South Ferry service from the Lexington Ave line.

Here is the service changes brochure from 1965.

Until about 1962 the Lexington Expresses had a conductor and rear guard (I remember seeing them at Nevins St). The conductor was stationed between the first and second cars and the rear guard was between cars nine and ten. This was to allow the conductor on southbound trains to open the doors on both sides of the first car only at Bowling Green to allow passengers to get to the shuttle for South Ferry without using the stairs. This was before the separate northbound platform was built. Passengers from Brooklyn would get off from the last car, wait for a southbound to enter and walk through the first car for the shuttle.

In late 1988, the TA started 'skip stop' service (each train stops at every other station, to increase average speed) on the Broadway line above 96th Street. In order to distinguish the trains, the # 9 designates the trains that make alternative stops from the #1. The skip stop and the #9 designation were discontinued in May 2005.


IRT Color Coding

In 1967, with the merger of the BMT and IND divisions, a new color coded map was issued giving the IRT number colors too.

This is the same service as the 1965 table above.

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
137th Broadway Broadway-7th Ave
241 White Plains Rd Broadway-7th Ave New Lots Ave Exp Days
145th Lenox
148th Lenox Termianl opened May 13, 1968
7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
Lenox 135th Lenox Shuttle-night
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Nights-Local
Utica Ave Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
241st Street White Plains / Lexington Express Utica Ave Rush Thru Exp
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Atlantic Ave Mid Day
South Ferry Evenings & Weekends
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Brooklyn Bridge Local - Exp
Local
177th Parkchester Local
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Gun Hill Road Third Ave
Discontinued April 28, 1973
149th & 3rd All times
Dyre Ave Dyre Ave E 180th St Shuttle
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle
Bowling Green Shuttle
Discontinued February 13, 1977
South Ferry Weekdays

IRT 1983 Service

The main change to the IRT was for car assignments. Since the between 241 and New Lots had an inspection barns at both terminals and the had none, the two lines swapped south terminals and the took over the New Lots line over night. The was inspected a t E 180th St.

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local/Skip stop in the Bronx
until 2005
241 White Plains Rd Broadway-7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
148th Lenox 7th Ave New Lots Exp Days
No Lenox service over night
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave Utica Ave Nights-Local
Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Exp
Bowling Green Mid Day
Evenings & Weekends
238th St. Nereid Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Hour Thru Exp
Dyre Shuttle E. 180th St Nights
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Brooklyn Bridge Local - Exp
Local
177th Parkchester Local
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle

Beginning on March 2, 1998, the Lenox Ave tracks between 96th and 116th Streets underwent major reconstruction to correct a water condition that had been a problem since the line opened in 1908. Whle the construction was going on (scheduled until October 1998), the 2 and 3 trains were rerouted. See the Lenox Rehab page for details.


IND LINES

When the IND opened in 1932, lines were designated by letters. The letter is assigned from the north branch and the Manhattan mainline used. The lines were:

BRANCH 8TH AV 6TH AV OTHER
Washington Heights-Manhattan
Concourse-Bronx
Jamaica-Queens
Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown

Fulton St-Brooklyn

Special Aqueduct Race Track
JFK Express The Train to the Plane

Single vs.double letters - A single letter was an express and repeated letter a local. Thus the A train was an 8th Ave Express from Washington Heights, while the CC was an 8th Ave local from the Concourse. The southern terminals were arbitrarily assigned based upon the same factors as the IRT.

This page has all the IND Subway Services from 1932 to the present as they changed with expansion and merger with the BMT. Chart originally adpated from the ERA NY Division Bulletins of October and November 1968. I've exapneded it to 1973 with details and general changes to the present.

Houston Street - The D, E, and F sevices also had a Houston (in NY pronounced HOW-stun) Street designation for those trains that used Houston St south of West 4th Street. See the IND Subway Services page for details of which trains used that line through the years. Full disclosure requires me to say that the E-Houston sign was electonically edited.

Court St - Boro Hall - The HH operated between Court St-Boro Hall and Hoyt Schermerhorn between April 9, 1936 and June 1, 1946 only. The distance between the stations was close enough, that ridership was never very high. The Court St-Boro Hall station remained closed and virtually sealed until the Transit Museum opened in 1976. The platforms on the outside of the A train tracks at Hoyt Schermerhorn remain unused.

Brooklyn Culver Line - The southbound track layout at 47th-50th Street on 6th Ave has the track from Queens on what looks like the express track and the track from uptown on the local. However, between there and 42nd St the two tracks have a flyover, putting the Queens trains on the local track. From the opening of the 6th Ave line in 1940, the F trains operated through to Church Ave, Brooklyn, while the Bronx D trains operated to Hudson Terminal (WTC). In 1954 Chruch Ave was connected to Ditmas Ave of the BMT Culver line, allowing IND trains to go to Coney Island. The TA wanted to be able to say, The Bronx to Coney Island on one train. So between 42nd and 34th St, the D trains were crossed over from the express track to the local track and the F trains crossed from the local to express for the terminal at 34th. Though during weekdays, the F went to either Second Ave or Broadway Lafayette.

Rockaway Line Special Services - After the IND opened to the Rockaways in 1956, the southbound outside platform at Hoyt Schermerhorn was used for the Aqueduct Racetrack Specials. The specials used the lower level of 42/8th and ran non stop to Hoyt Schermerhorn, then non stop to Aqueduct. An extra fare was collected at special turnstiles at the three stations served by the specials. Larger tokens were used for this fare. The specials operated until about 1981.




The IND operated the JFK Express, and extra fare limited stop line between 57th & 6th and later Queensbridge to Howard Beach station on the Rockaway line between 1978 and 1990. Free transfers were made to a bus that operated through the airport. Fares were collected on the train, which operated only three or four cars.






BMT AND IND SHARE THE ALPHABET
BMT Lines Logo

In 1959, the TA took delivery of the R-27 cars which had an expansion of the IND letters for assignment to the BMT lines.

LETTER LINE MANHATTAN BMT #

Jamaica Nassau St BMT 15
Broadway Bklyn Nassau St BMT 14
Canarsie 14th St BMT 16
Myrtle Av Nassau St BMT 10
Sea Beach Broadway BMT 4
Brighton Broadway BMT 1
Brighton via Bridge Broadway BMT 1
Brighton via Tunnel Broadway BMT 1
Fourth Ave Broadway BMT 2
Shuttles
BMT 5 & 7
West End Broadway BMT 3
West End Local Nassau St BMT 3

As with the IND single letters were express and repeated letters were local (QB & QT were local - the QT operated when the Q express ran and the QB operated at all other times). The TT operated on Sundays and Weeknights only in Brooklyn. During weekdays the TT provided Wall St area service all day via Nassau Street. The T was rush hour and Saturday only via Broadway Express.

At that time there were two BMT shuttles: Culver (old #5) and Franklin Ave (old #7).


BMT 1959 Service
BMT Lines Logo

The BMT began to extend the IND letters beginning with the R-27 and R-30 fleets.

Number Line NORTH VIA SOUTH TIME
BRIGHTON LINE Astoria Bridge Express Brighton Beach Mon-Sat Days
Forest Hills (IND)
The 60th St Connection built in 1955.
Tunnel Local Coney Island Mon-Fri (see Franklin)
57th St BridgeLocal Week nights and Sunday
Chambers
See Bankers' Note
Tunnel-Nassau Brighton Beach Rush Hours
FOURTH AVE (BROOKLYN) Astoria Tunnel Local 95th St All times
Chambers St
See Bankers' Note
Nassau Bridge Express 95th Rush Hours
WEST END 57th St Bridge Express Coney Island M-F Rush Hours
Sat-Sun days
Chambers St Nassau Local Bay Parkway/62nd St Rush Hours
Coney Island Mid Day
36th /4th (Brooklyn) Shuttle Coney Island Nights
SEA BEACH 57th St Bridge Express Coney Island All Times
CULVER+ Ninth Ave Shuttle Ditmas Ave All times
FRANKLIN LINE Franklin/Fulton Shuttle Prospect Park All Times
Brighton Local Coney Island Saturday
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS Chambers Williamsburgh Bridge Metropolitan Ave Rush Hours
11 MYRTLE + Bridge-Jay Streets Local All times
BROADWAY BROOKLYN Canal St Nassau St Rockaway Parkway or Crescent St Week Days
168th St Skip Stop with express began June 1959
JAMAICA Broad St Nassau St 168th St All times
Express Rush Hours
Skip Stop with local began June 1959
CANARSIE 8th Ave 14th St Rockaway Parkway All times

BMT 1966 Service
BMT Lines Logo

This was the last BMT service before Chrystie Street in November 1967, which merged the BMT and IND.

Number Line NORTH VIA SOUTH TIME
BRIGHTON LINE 57th St Bridge Express Brighton Beach Mon-Fri Rush Hours
Bridge Express Manhattan/Local Brooklyn Mon-Fri mid-day
Astoria Tunnel Local Coney Island Mon-Fri Days
BridgeLocal Week nights
Weekends
Chambers
See Bankers' Note
Tunnel-Nassau Brighton Beach Rush Hours
FOURTH AVE (BROOKLYN) Continental Ave Tunnel Local 95th St Weekdays
57th St Week nights
Weekends
Chambers St
See Bankers' Note
Nassau Bridge Express 95th Rush Hours
WEST END Astoria Bridge Express Coney Island Mon-Fri Rush Hours
57th St Saturday
Chambers St Nassau Local Bay Parkway/62nd St Rush Hours
Coney Island Mid Day
36th /4th (Brooklyn) Shuttle Coney Island Nights
Sunday
SEA BEACH 57th St Bridge Express Coney Island All Times
CULVER+ Ninth Ave Shuttle Ditmas Ave All times
FRANKLIN LINE Franklin/Fulton Shuttle Prospect Park All Times
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS Chambers Williamsburgh Bridge Metropolitan Ave Rush Hours
11 MYRTLE + Bridge-Jay Streets Local All times
BROADWAY BROOKLYN Canal St Nassau St Rockaway Parkway or Crescent St Rush Hours
JAMAICA Broad St Nassau St 168th St Non rush hours
Rush Hours
Skip Stop with express
Rush Hours
Express Rush Hours
Skip Stop with Local
CANARSIE 8th Ave 14th St Rockaway Parkway All times

Bankers' Specials

There were also two interesting services that used the 'M' signs from the Southern Division of the BMT:

Both the Brighton and Fourth Ave M services used the Myrtle Ave Nassau signs. The Eastern BMT would not get letters until 1967, but the cars after R-27 came equipped with the signs.

From Brighton Beach there was an M train that operated in rush hours only: local to Kings Highway, express to Dekalb Ave, via tunnel, Nassau St and the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge back to Brooklyn.

From 95th and 4th Ave, Local to 59th, express to Pacific, via bypass and south tracks to Chambers St, Nassau St. and tunnel back to Brooklyn.

Both of these services were called Bankers' Specials. Some would continue in service and other would lay up at 36th St. Yard.


Return to Menu





BMT-IND Joint Lines
BMT Lines Logo

Thanksgiving Weekend 1967 was a landmark day in the history of the subway system. During that weekend the "Chrystie Street Connections" joined the BMT and IND via the Manhattan Bridge tracks from Dekalb Ave. Brooklyn to Grand St. Manhattan. Many routes were combined and the BMT numbers were discontinued in favor of the IND letter system.

During the planning for the connection there was a significantly different service proposal. This included a 4th Ave- BMT Jamaica through route, Broadway AND 6th Ave service from BOTH Brighton and West End, and service between BMT Jamaica and 57th/6th Ave. Here is the service guide.

1967 SERVICE

The first color coding was introduced with these services. The IRT lines and BMT-IND lines that were not changed were also color coded on the 1967 and 1968 maps: the scans of the service names are from the 1967 and 1969 maps.

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH OPERATES BMT#
207th Washington Heights 8Av Fulton
Lefferts and Rockaway
Fulton Local
All Times
13
168th St Washington Heights 8Av Hud Term (WTC) Non Rush Hours  
West 4th St 6Av West End weekdays
Until July 1968 non rush hours
3
168th Washington Heights Rush hours
57th/6th Ave After July 1968 non rush hours
34th shuttle nights  
Concourse 8Av Hud Term (WTC) Rush hours  
Concourse 6Av Coney Island via Brighton The D operated express through to Coney Island and the QJ terminated at Brighton Beach, causing crossing problems at Brighton 1
Brighton Beach By about 1970, the D was cut back to Brighton Beach weekdays
Coney Island nights and weekends
Jamaica - IND 8Av Hud Term (WTC) Non rush hours  
Fulton-Rockaways Rush hours  
Continental Av-Jamiaca IND Broadway Whitehall St Week days  
Jamaica - IND 6Av Culver Rush hours express in Brooklyn until 1972 5
Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Smith/9th All times  
Church Ave extended in rush hours only until about1972
Jamaica BMT Nassau Broad St July 1968
The JJ was dropped and the KK was added.
15
Jamaica BMT 6Av 57/6th
8 Avenue 14Street Canarsie All Times 16
Metropolitan Ave Nassau Chambers Rush hours 10
Myrtle Ave Bridge Jay Sts All Times 11
57th St Broadway Sea Beach All Times 4
57th St Broadway Brighton-Sea Beach Rush Hours 4 Exp
57th St Broadway Brighton Rush hours 1
Brighton Beach Nassau Jamaica BMT Weekdays
Brighton local terminating at Brighton Beach until about 1970.
1&15
Coney Is Brighton* QJ was extended to Coney Island to avoid crossing at Brighton Beach with the D trains.
Jamaica BMT Nassau 95th St Rush hours 15&2
Astoria Broadway 95th St All times 8&2
36th/4th West End Coney Island nights/weekends 3

* The BMT has always designated the Manhattan end of the line as the NORTH terminal, even if it is physically south of the other end. Thus the north terminal of the M line is in Manhattan even though it is south of the Metropolitan Ave end of the line. This leads to a paradox on the QJ line, in which both ends of the line are out of Manhattan and therefore both are South terminals. The RR does not fall into that trap, since the branch to Astoria has always been considered a northern extension of the Manhattan line and thus it is the NORTH terminal.


To complete the BMT services operating in 1967, the operated from Metropolitan Ave to Bridge-Jay Street via the Myrtle Ave El.. This was the last of the Brooklyn els, not able to use the heavier subway cars. The MJ was eliminated in 1969 when the el south of Broadway as abandoned. The M then provided service to Broadway/Myrtle all times. This was added by Allan Berlin and confirmed by the scan from the 1969 map.

The West End line in Brooklyn was for many years prior to 1967 (and many years after) was served by a shuttle between Coney Island and 36th St and 4th Ave. This line kept the designation after Chrystie St opened.

All of the shuttles operating in various places in the city all became SS.

Shuttle North Via South Notes
IRT Division
Dyre Ave Dyre Ave E 180th St Nights
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central All Times
Bowling Green Shuttle South Ferry Weekdays
145th Lenox
148th Lenox Termianl opened May 13, 1968
Shuttle 135th St Nights
BMT Division
Prospect Park Franklin Ave Fulton St Shuttle
9th Ave Culver Ditmas Ave Shuttle
Metropolitan Ave Myrtle ave Boradway/Myrtle After 1969
IND Division
Euclid Rockaway Rockaway Park Nights
Euclid Rockaway Far Rockaway

The IRT lines also got their own colors on the new map.


Color Code Summary
BMT Lines Logo

This table places all of the color coding of the lines in the 1967-8 maps together by color. The flags were scanned from an original map and some of the color might be slightly off.




BMT-IND through the 1980s

In the years since the merger, many of the services were modified, recombined and otherwise changed. But, there is still some relation to the old IND line names and the 1959-1967 letters assigned to the BMT lines by the TA. During the 1970's and early 1980's, a number of service changes were made to adjust to ridership changes and streamlining service:

Line Year Change Reason
1976 Dropped Budget considereations - by cutting overlapping services.
N train extended to Continental Ave
1976 Renamed K by 1972 and then dropped 1976 - no replacement (some B trains from Coney Island went to 57th/6th) Budget considereations
1968(?) Renamed RR and later dropped, forcing 4th Ave passengers had to change at DeKalb Ave for Nassau M trains Budget considereations
1968 Dropped in favor of "merging" the overnight and all day Sunday shuttle under the B name. Simplified operations by not needing to change the route and destinatuion signs.
1968 Dropped - This was a Super Express from Brighton Beach via Coney Island via Sea Beach to Manhattan. Operations didn't want to run.
1973 Through routed to Coney Island via the Brighton Line Made a shorter line than the QJ, which was a very long local line.
Cut back to Broad St and renamed J

New Colors on the Map

In the mid 1970's a new map was released that further simplified the graphics. Instead of each line having its own color, the trunk lines were consolidated to share a color as follows (the logos are from the MTA web page):

Line Via
IRT Division
Seventh Ave Broadway
Lexington Avenue
Flushing
BMT Division
Nassau St
The was only shown on a limited number of maps, but not in the service guide.
Broadway
14th Street
IND Division
Eighth Ave
Sixth Ave
Crosstown
Shuttles
Times Square (IRT)
Rockaway Park (IND)
Franklin Ave (BMT)

All Single Letters

As of May 5, 1986 the remaining double letter routes were changed as follows:


(the K was dropped when the C began to operate to Brooklyn all day - 1988)
(for shuttles)

This move is supposed to make following a line easier. Since many routes operate express in one area and local in others (eg., F train is express in Queens & Brooklyn and local in Manhattan) the need for double letters for locals is unnecessary and confusing.

A side note to the 'AA' to 'K' switch, the route signs are printed in alphabetical order, the schedule at 168th St Washington Heights had a number of 'B' trains becoming 'AA' after the AM rush and back to 'B' before the PM rush. The change from 'B' to 'AA' took a few seconds, but the change from 'B' to 'K' delayed trains and wore out the train crews arms (the signs were cranked by hand).

To further eliminate extra names, the various part time shuttles were absorbed itno the line name of the route that was cut back at night. Thus the Dyre shuttle was called the 5, Myrtle shuttle became the M, the TT was absorbed into the B, and the HH became part of the A at night. This also servced to boost the on time performance of the main lines, since the shuttles were rarely late.

Train name changes


Rockaway and Fulton Street services

Also during this period, there were a number of adjustments to the service patterns on Fulton St. to the Rockaways. At various times, the E was extended as a rush hour only express along Fulton St with terminals at Euclid, Lefferts, Rockaway Park and Far Rockaway. Later the A and E switched and the A became the express. Still later the E was made full time to WTC and the rush hour-mid day C was operated local with the A express. There have been a number of Broad Channel to Rockaway Park shuttles at various times. These trains carried 'HH' or 'S' signs.

DATE EXPRESS LOCAL
9/16/1956
9/8/1959
1/2/1973
8/30/1976
5/5/1986

The train was added for the Rockaway shuttles from Euclid Ave to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park and for Broad Channel to Rockaway Park.


BMT-IND Construction Changes - August 1985

The first major rehhabilitation of the Manhattan Bridge began in August 1985. See the Brochure.

Route North via South Notes
168th St-Washington Heights Central Park West-6th Ave West 4th St Rush Hours - alternate trains
57th/6th 6th Ave All Times
57th/7th Ave Broadway-West End Coney Island Weekdays
205th St-Concourse Concourse-6th Ave West 4th St All Times
57th St 7th Ave Broadway-Brighton Coney Island
Metropolitan Ave Myrtle-Nassau-Brighton Coney Island Weekdays
Broadway-Myrtle Nights-weekends
Continental Ave Queens Blvd-Broadway-Sea Beach-Local via Tunnel Coney Island Weekdays
57th-7th Ave Broadway-Sea Beach-Express via Bridge All Other Times
57th-7th Ave Broadway-Brighton via Bridge Brighton Beach Rush hours
Astoria Broadway-4th Ave-via Tunnel 95th St All Times
Chambers St Nassau-via Tunnel Rush Hours
Broadway-Lafayette Houston St Grand St All times

BMT-IND Construction Changes - April 1986

Beginning in April 1986, the Brighton local tracks were being rehabilitated and the Manhattan Bridge work was continuing by the NYC DOT. As a result, the 6th Ave side of the bridge was closed causing a split of the B and D service. In addition, the D and Q operated as a skip stop in Brooklyn during rush hours. See the brochures. This was the probably the first time there was no direct service from the Brighton line to Nassau St as the M was routed to 4th Ave and the West End.

Route North via South Notes
168th St-Washington Heights Central Park West-6th Ave 34th St/6th Ave Rush Hours
Astoria Broadway-West End Coney Island Rush Hours
Queensboro Plaza Other times
205th St-Concourse Concourse-6th Ave 34th/6th All Times
Skip Stop with in Brookyn during rush hours
57th St 7th Ave Broadway-Brighton Coney Island
Metropolitan Ave Myrtle-Nassau-West End Bay Parkway Rush Hours
Nith Ave Weekdays
Broadway-Myrtle Nights-weekends
Continental Ave Queens Blvd-Broadway-Sea Beach-Local via Tunnel Coney Island Weekdays
57th-7th Ave Broadway-Sea Beach-Express via Bridge All Other Times
57th-7th Ave Broadway-Brighton via Bridge Brighton Beach Weekdays
Skip Stop with in Brookyn during rush hours
Astoria Broadway-4th Ave-via Tunnel 95th St All Times
Chambers St Nassau-via Tunnel Rush Hours
57th/6th Ave 6th Ave Grand St All times

and Swap - May 24, 1987

The and swaped of north terminals. The had shop facilities at both ends of the line (Coney Island and Jamaica), while the had none and had to deadhead for inspections and repairs. With this change, the was assigned from CI and the got its equipment from Jamaica.

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH BMT
Astoria Broadway Coney Is-Sea Beach 8&4
Continental Av-Jamaica IND Broadway 95th St 2

BMT-IND Post 1990 Changes

Since the early 1990's the following minor changes were made because of construction on the Manhattan Bridge and the opening of the Archer Ave and 63rd St Tunnel:

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH BMT
Parsons-Jamaica IND
12/11/1988
8th Av WTC
145th St or Bedford Park Blvd 8th Av Fulton Local - Euclid
or WTC
 
Metropolitan Ave Nassau Bay Parkway or 9th Ave 10&3
Queens Bridge
10/29/1998
6th Av Brighton 1
179th St-Jamaica IND
12/11/1988 to 10/1992
to replace E
Broadway 95th St 2
Parsons Jamaica BMT Nassau Broad St 15
(skip stop with J)

The route logos are from the MTA web pages


IND GETS MESSED UP

With the March 1, 1998 schedule, gearing up for OPTO on a few more lines, the B and C trains swapped north terminals thus messing up the simple elegance of the original IND lettering scheme forever.

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH BMT
Bedford Park Blvd or 145th St 6th Av Coney Island 3 (West End)
168th St Washington Heights 8th Ave Euclid Ave

Return to Menu


CONSTRUCTION CHANGES

During the mid day construction on the Manhattan Bridge in 1995 (closing the bridge to all trains), the Q was re-routed back to Broadway and the tunnel. The Q had both yellow - Broadway and orange - 6th Ave signs on the cars.

Beginning on March 1, 1998 and continuing into late 1999, the 63rd Street tunnel tracks are being replaced. This was done one track at a time. While this is going on, the B, F and Q trains that normally serve the line will terminate at 57th and 6th Ave. A shuttle train will operate on the track not being worked on between 57th and 7th Ave to 21st Queensbridge. See the 63rd Shuttle page.


CHRYSTIE STREET IS
REPEALED!

Beginning on July 22, 2001 the following changes were made to allow the NYC Department of transportaiton to complete (after 20 years) the rehabilitation of the Manhattan Bridge

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH BMT
Bedford Park Blvd or 145th St 6th Av 34th/6th
205th St Concourse 6th Ave 34th/6th
57th/7th Broadway Exp Coney Island -Brighton Local all times
57th/7th Broadway Exp Brighton Beach Exp M-F
Astoria Broadway Exp Coney Island - West End 3 (West End)

Return to Menu


World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001

On September 11, 2001 two hijacked planes crashed into and destroyed the two World Trade Center towers. While the loss of life far overshadowed the subway service disruptions, here are the services the TA was able to operate during the disaster. World Trade Center


63rd Connector

The 63rd St connector was placed into service on December 16, 2001 along with the V Train on 12/17/2001.

LINE NORTH MAIN SOUTH BMT
Parsons - Archer
Local at night
8th Ave Canal
179th St 63rd - 6th Av Coney Island - Culver 5 (Culver)
Court Sq
Continental Ave weekends and nights
Crosstown Smith - 9th
Continental Ave
Local
Broadway Local 95th/4th 2 (Fourth Ave)
Continental Av
Local
53rd - 6th Ave Second Ave - Houston M-F days

MAP


Stillwell Ave

With the closing of the F and Q service to Stillwell Ave on 9/7/2002, the following changes were made in the basic BMT southern services:

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Ave X 179th All times 63rd
86th St Pacific Nights 4th Av Express
86th St Astoria Days Tunnel
Brighton Beach 57th-7th All times Bridge
95th St Pacific St Nights 4th Av Express
Coney Island Astoria Nights 4th Av Local - Tunnel
Coney Island Astoria Days Bridge

Manahttan Bridge 4 Tracks

Service for February 22, 2004 when all four tracks on the Manhattan bridge are back in service. This was be modified when Stillwell Ave reopened in May. Initally the B used tracks 1 & 2, usually used by the Sea Beach trains. Tracks 7 & 8, normally used by the West End trains will be rebuilt. They are reopened in 2005.
The N will operate at night through the tunnel and days over the bridge.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Bay Parkway Metropolitan Ave Rush Hours Nassau - Tunnel
Chambers St Mid Day Nassau
Broadway Myrtle Nights and Weekends Shuttle
86th St Astoria Nights 4th Av Local
Tunnel
Broadway Local
Days 4th Av Express
Bridge (S)
Broadway Express (stops at 49th St)
Brighton Beach 57th-7th All Times Brighton Local
Bridge (S)
Broadway Express
Brighton Beach 145th or Bedford Park Weekdays Brighton Express
Bridge (N)
6th Ave Express
95th St Continental Ave Days Tunnel
36th St Nights Shuttle
Whitehall St Astoria Weekdays Broadway Local
Coney Island (West End) 205th - Concourse Days 4th Ave Express
Bridge (N)
6th Ave Express
Nights 4th Ave Local
Bridge (N)
6th Ave Express

The rationale given for swapping the B and D in Brooklyn was that the D was full time from 205th and the B weekdays only from Bedford Park or 145th St. In Brooklyn, the West End was to become full time thru service to Manhattan, the Brighton was to be covered by full time Broadway service with the Q, thus leaving the part time B to cover the part time Brighton Express.


Stillwell Ave Notes


Chambers St Relay Room Fire

On Sunday January 23, 2005 a fire was started in or near the Chambers St. relay room. It was thought to be the work of a homeless person trying to stay warm. Later it was found that it was possibly caused by TA employees leaving flammable material. Stay tuned
The first estimate to return to normal service was 3 to 5 years. On Tuesday January 25, the TA announced that service could be restored to most of the A train in a few weeks and the C in nine months. The 3 to 5 year estimate was to completely replace all destroyed components.

Here are the service changes for the first week(s). Chambers St Fire


December 2005 Strike service

Made you look!

Line Via
IRT Division
TWU on strike - No Service
BMT Division
TWU on strike - No Service
IND Division
TWU on strike - No Service
Shuttles
TWU on strike - No Service

On 12/20/2005 the TWU Local 100 calls strike against the NYCTA buses and subways at 3:00AM The deadline had been extended from 12/16 and started with Jamaica and Triboro buses on 12/19 (employees not under Taylor Law) The TWU Agrees to return to work without contract 12/22 Service was normal after midnight - Negotiations continued until December 2006!


Winter Operations 2008

Winter Operations has always been a little known feature of service adjustments used by the TA in the case of severe winter weather. These plans include operating extra trains on outdoor lines as well as storing as many trains as possible on underground express tracks. Here are some of the features of the 2008 plan as described in the February 2008 ERA NY Division Bulletin

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME Reason
149th - Grand Concourse Dyre Ave Shuttle Nights More trains operated on elevated
Grand Central Times Square All night operation Layup #7 trains underground between TS and GC
Grand Central Main St Cut back from TS
Suspended after PM Rush hours This is a guess: Use express tracks on Broadway and 6th Ave for Layups
Rockaway Park Euclid Shuttle extended More trains operated on open sections
Queens Plaza Continental Ave Cut back from Queens Blvd Layup trains on Express tracks between QP and Continental

In addition to these service adjustments, additional SNOW TRAINS are operated with no passengers on elevated and open cut areas.


Proposed 2008 Service

In December 2007, the MTA board voted to increase the price of the discounted fares. These took effect in March 2008. Along with this, they also voted to increase some services on parts of the BMT and IND lines plan as described in the February 2008 ERA NY Division Bulletin.

None of these changes were put into effect.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Bay Parkway Metropolitan Ave Rush Hours Nassau - Tunnel

Broad St

Mid Day

Nassau

Chambers St

Weekends

Broadway Myrtle Nights Shuttle
Coney Island Astoria

All Times

4th Av Express
Bridge (S)
Broadway Express (stops at 49th St)
Brighton Beach 145th or Bedford Park Weekdays

Extended hours to 11:00PM at DeKalb Ave

Brighton Express
Bridge (N)
6th Ave Express
95th St Continental Ave

All times

Tunnel
Smith/9th Continental Ave Nights - Weekends

Additional service

Crosstown - Queens Blvd
Queens Plaza Daytime Crosstown

Return to Top Menu


IRT 2008 Service

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
241 White Plains Rd Broadway-7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
Local at night
148th Lenox Terminal 7th Ave New Lots Exp Days
Times Sqaure Nights
Woodlawn-Jerome Lexington Ave Utica Ave Nights-Local
Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Exp
Bowling Green Mid Day
Evenings & Weekends
238th St. Nereid Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Hour Thru Exp
Dyre Shuttle E. 180th St Nights
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Brooklyn Bridge Local - Exp
Local
177th Parkchester Local
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle

Proposed 2009 Service Cuts

In November 2008, with the fiscal crisis getting worse, the MTA has proposed doomsday service cuts. Probably for a summer 2009 implementation.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA

Bay Parkway

Metropolitan Ave

Eliminated

This will leave no way for CI and 95th passengers to get to the Wall St area
Broad St Mid Day Nassau
Broadway Myrtle Weekends
Nights Shuttle

Eliminated


Coney Island

Astoria

Mid days?

Extended to cover extra service to replace
Coney Island Astoria

All Times

Local north of Canal St

Nights


Announced 12/15/08

*via bridge, closing
City Hall, Cortlandt, Rector, Whitehall, Court St, and Lawrence

Eliminated

No skip stop with J
Parsons - Archer Broad St/Chambers(?)

Local All times

Local - no skip stop or express
Smith/9th

Continental Ave

Eliminated

Crosstown only
Court Square All Times

Increase headways on most lines on weekends from 8 to 10 minutes
Increase overnight headways form 20 to 30 minutes
Close 29 booths at stations with multiple full time booths. Make 13 booths part time.
Eliminate 600 Station Agents
Raise the fares
The following stations would close at night (Announced 12/15/08):
City Hall, Cortlandt, Rector, Whitehall, Court St, and Lawrence.
*The claim being that passengers could use the Lexington (Fulton, Wall, or Bowling Green) to Brooklyn and change at Atlantic for Coney Island trains, all of which would go via bridge. Passengers at Court St. could use either IRT line to Atlantic and Lawrence St could walk to DeKalb Ave.
Apparently they are also assuming that Whtehall St. will be connected to South Ferry by the time the changes are implemented. but this would not help anyone going to Brooklyn.

On May 6, 2009, the state legislature came up with a last minute plan to avoid the cuts, but it cost the CEO, Eliot Sander his job. The governor will replace him with 'his own person'. It's important to note that none of the MTA problems were due to Sander and that things were improving, not withstanding the fiscal issues. It all stems from the cuts in funding from the city and state that began in the 1990's. Let's see if the governor's person can do anything with the lack of funding.


IRT 2009 Service

Number North Via South Notes
242/Van Cortlandt Broadway-7th Ave South Ferry Local
241 White Plains Rd Broadway-7th Ave Flatbush Ave Exp Days
Local at night
148th Lenox Terminal 7th Ave New Lots Exp Days
Times Sqaure Nights
Woodlawn-Jerome
via middle track Bedford Park to 149th St
AM only - every 15 minutes
7:15 to 8:00AM
Lexington Ave Utica Ave AM Rush Thru Exp
Woodlawn -Jerome Lexington Ave Utica Ave Nights-Local
Rush Exp
Atlantic Ave Mid day
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Exp
Bowling Green Mid Day
Evenings & Weekends
238th St. Nereid Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Hour Thru Exp
Dyre Shuttle E. 180th St Nights
Pelham Bay Park Lexington Ave Brooklyn Bridge Local - Exp
Local
177th Parkchester Local
Times Square Flushing Main St Local & Exp
Times Square 42nd St Grand Central Shuttle

IRT 2009 Service
Additional change June 2009
#5 operates to Brooklyn day time on weekdays

Number North Via South Notes
Dyre Ave or E. 180th St Lexington Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Exp & Mid Day
Bowling Green Evenings & Weekends
238th St. Nereid Ave Flatbush Ave Rush Hour Thru Exp
Dyre Shuttle E. 180th St Nights

2009 Smith 9th viaduct Repairs

The viaduct between Carroll St and Fourth Ave began extensive rehabilitation in June 2009. The First step was to close the express tracks and the B5 middle and rebuild them. To do this the G trains was extended to Church Ave full time It also appears that the G will always terminate at Court Square.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Church Ave Queens Plaza All times

Extension during rehabilitation of viaduct

Crosstown - Prospect Park

Return to Top Menu


Proposed 2010 Service Cuts

In November 2009, with the fiscal crisis getting worse again, this time because the state plan to fix the finances didn't work., the MTA has proposed different doomsday service cuts. Probably for a summer 2010 implementation. These plans will undergo public hearings and the table will be modified if changes are made.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA

Eliminated see below

This will leave no way for CI and 95th passengers to get to the Wall St area.
Myrtle passengers to/from Nassau St must change at Essex.
Myrtle passengers get direct ride to uptown stations.
Broadway Brooklyn passengers for uptown, get same platfom transfer.

Eliminated

Metropolitan Ave - Myrtle Line Continental Ave - Queens Blvd Line Weekdays Houston St-Essex St connection on Chrystie St. Unused since the KK train was cancelled (1972).
*
Broadway-Myrtle Nights-weekends Shuttle
Coney Island

Astoria

Mid days

Extended to cover extra service to replace
Coney Island Astoria

All Times

Local north of Canal St

Nights

via bridge, closing
City Hall, Cortlandt, Rector, Whitehall, Court St, and Lawrence

Eliminated

No skip stop with J

At some point, this was dropped and the skip stop retained. It was probably found that the extra J trains needed to cover the lack of Z trains eliminated any crew/train savings.

Parsons - Archer Broad St/Chambers(?)

Local All times

Local - no skip stop or express
Smith/9th

Continental Ave

Eliminated

Crosstown only
Court Square All Times

Increase headways on most lines on weekends and overnight
Close booths at stations with multiple full time booths. Make other booths part time.
Non represented managers would get a 10% pay cut. Many who can will retire.

* the Myrtle Ave line can only take 480' trains and no 75' cars. As a result, the new will operate with eight car trains of R-42 or R-160 fleets assigned from the ENY Barn.

After the uproar at the community hearings about dropping the , the TA changed it to a 6th Ave . But since the service will be between Continental and Metropolitan, the stations the community were interested in, will still lose service.


June 27, 2010 BMT-IND Service

As a result of the failure of the New York State Legislature to find stable funding for the MTA, it was forced to cut service on all of its agencies. Trains were eliminated on the Metro North and Long Island Railroads and bus lines were eliminated and drivers laid off. Staffed subway booths were closed and railroad clerks were laid off.

June 25 - A proposal was given the TWU to avoid the personnel cuts that included new employee pension, pay rate steps and health care rules. It's important to note that the rule changes were to apply to new hires only and would save many of the laid off employees and use attrition to reduce the staffing. As of June 26, the union hadn't approved the changes.

June 27 - The TWU made a proposal that the the MTA rejected, but would be willing to go to mediation. The proposal included employee deductions that would help the MTA fund early retirements that would allow jobs to be eliminated by attrition, rather than layoffs.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Far Rockaway 207th Nights Washington Heights-8th Ave-Fulton St local
Rockaway Park AM Rush Hour
five trains
Washington Heights-8th Ave-Fulton St Express
Lefferts Blvd Weekays and weekends
Nights Shuttle
Euclid Ave
Rockaway Park Broad Channel All times Shuttle
Brighton Beach 145th St/8th Ave Weekdays Brighton 6th Ave express
8th Ave local
Bedford Park Blvd Rush Hours Concourse local
Euclid Ave 168th Washington Heights Weekdays/weekend days Washington Heights-8th Ave-Fulton St local
Coney Island - tracks 7&8 205th St/Grand Concourse Days/Weekend 4th Ave Brooklyn/6th Ave Express Concourse local
Rush hours Concourse express in heavy direction
Nights 4th Ave local
World Trade Center Jamaica Center - Archer Ave Days Queens Blvd express 8th Ave local
Nights Queens local
Coney Island tracks 5&6 179th St All times Queens Blvd Express 6th Ave local via 63rd St
Church Ave
Smith 9th viaduct repairs
Court Square All times Crosstown
Jamaica Center - Archer Ave Broad St Days Jamaica Ave Broadway Brooklyn local
Rush hour Jamaica Ave Broadway Brooklyn skip stop with J
Chambers St Nights and weekends Jamaica Ave Broadway Brooklyn local
Rockaway Parkway 8th Ave/14th St All times 14th St Canarsie Local
Metropolitan Ave Continental Ave Weekdays Myrtle Ave 6th Ave 53rd St Queens Blvd local
Broadway-Myrte other times Shuttle
Coney Island tracks 1&2 Astoria Days Sea Beach 4th Ave express Broadway local via bridge
Nights Sea Beach 4th Ave Broadway local via tunnel
Coney Island tracks 3&4 Astoria Days Brighton local Broadway express (stops at 49th St)
57th/7th Nights weekends Brighton local Broadway express (skips 49th St)
95th St/4th Ave Continental Ave Days & Weekends 4th Ave Broadway Queens Blvd local via tunnel
36th St/4th Ave Nights Shuttle
Prospect Park Franklin Ave-Fulton St All times Shuttle

The 6th Ave M will be operated by four car units of R-160 cars assigned to East New York Barn. The R-42 fleet there will be used on the J and Z lines only. There is a new fleet proposal for R-179 cars that include ten four car sets, 40 cars, to replace the R-42 cars. This would not happen until at least 2015.



September 6, 2011 - BMT Cortlandt St

The southbound platform of the BMT Cortlandt St station reopened. It was closed after 9/11/2001, reopened September 8, 2002 and closed again for the Fulton St Transit Center construction on August 20, 2005. The northbound side opened November 25, 2009.


June 8, 2014 Weekend M Service to Essex St

Since the servce cuts of 2010, when the replaced the along 6th Ave and Queens Blvd, the folks on the Myrtle Ave line gained uptown service during the week. Effective June, 8 2014, the M on weekends was extended to Essex St, where there is a transfer to the train, Deleacney St.

LINE SOUTH NORTH TIME VIA
Metropolitan Ave Broadway Over night Shuttle
Essex St Weekend daytime Local
Continental Ave Weekdays

September 15, 2014 Montague St Tunnel Reopens
R daytime and N over night service resumes

LINE NORTH SOUTH TIME VIA
Astoria Coney Island Over night via tunnel Astoria - Broadway-Sea Beach
Continental Ave 95th St/4th Ave Through service restored Sept 15, 2014 Queens Blvd-Broadway-4th Ave Local
36th/4th Ave 4th Ave Shuttle

See the storms page for the details of the split

June 14, 2015
J service extended to Broad St 24/7

LINE NORTH SOUTH TIME VIA
Broad St Jamaica Center - Archer Ave
Weekdays

Skip stop & express with
Evenings and Weekends
Local - all stops


Summer 2016
Rockaway Park Shuttle

LINE NORTH SOUTH TIME VIA
Rockaway Blvd Rockaway Park Daytime
Until at least Labor Day
Shuttle
To accomdate riders from any train to transfer at Rockaway Blvd.
Passengers on Lefferts trains need make only one transfer.

This is in preparation for the Q being extended uptown, with the opeing of the Second Ave Subway between 63rd St and 96th St.


November 6, 2016
W service returns to Astoria
R extended to Whitehall nights

LINE NORTH SOUTH TIME VIA
Astoria Coney Island Weekdays Sea Beach and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Express Canal to 34th St
Weekends Local in Manhattan via bridge
Nights Local in Manhattan via Tunnel
57th St & 7th Ave Coney Island Days Brighton Line local and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Express
Nights Brighton Line local and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Local
Continental Ave 95th St Days Local via tunnel
Whitehall St Nights Extended to provide connections to other lines.
Astoria Whitehall St Weekdays Local
N & W share car assignments and TA internal timetable.

This is in preparation for the Q being extended uptown, with the opening of the Second Ave Subway between 63rd St and 96th St.

Januaray 1, 2017
Second Ave Subway Opens

LINE NORTH SOUTH TIME VIA
Astoria Coney Island Weekdays Sea Beach and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Express Canal to 34th St
Some rush hour trains coninue to 96th & 2nd.
Weekends Local in Manhattan via bridge
Nights Local in Manhattan via Tunnel
96th St& 2nd Ave Coney Island Days Brighton Line local and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Express
Nights Brighton Line local and Manhattan Bridge
Broadway Local
Continental Ave 95th St Days Local via tunnel
Whitehall St Nights Extended to provide connections to other lines.
Astoria Whitehall St Weekdays Local
N & W share car assignments and TA internal timetable.

Some of the images on this page are from the MTA web pages or scans of historic NYCTA maps

- -


- Joseph D. Korman - The JoeKorNer